بررسی و نقد دیدگاه ملارجبعلی تبریزی و قاضی سعید قمی در الهیات سلبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری فلسفه تطبیقی، هیئت علمی سازمان سمت، پژوهشکده تحقیق و توسعه علوم انسانی

چکیده

ملارجبعلی تبریزی و شاگردش قاضی سعید قمی تلقی خاصی از خداوند را مطرح می­کنند. این دسته از فیلسوفان برآنند که در مورد خداوند نمی‏توان به نحو ایجابی سخن گفت و تمام صفات الهی به سلب بر می­گردد. در این دیدگاه اساس الهیات سلبی، اشتراک لفظی وجود است. الهیات برآمده از این مکتب صبغة دینی و نوافلاطونی دارد. این مقاله درصدد بررسی زمینه شکل گیری، بیان آراء و مبانی فکری ملارجبعلی تبریزی و قاضی سعید قمی در الهیات سلبی و نقد آنها است. پس از بررسی و نقد دلایل آنان به بیان ناسازگاری با پاره‏ای از آموزه­های فلسفی بر مبنای قاعدة الواحد پرداخته شده است. از این رو مقاله حاضر در صدد بحث تفصیلی پیرامون صفات و افعال الهی نیست. از آنجا که این دو فیلسوف به شدت تحت تأثیر آموزه های نوافلاطونی­اند، هم اندیشی و تأثیر پذیری آنها از آرای فلوطین نیز نشان داده شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Inquiry into Molla RajabaliTabrizi and QaziSa'idQomi’s views on Negative Theology

نویسنده [English]

  • Hamid Reza Khademi
Assistant professor at institute of research and development, Samt organization, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The philosophical school of Isfahan consists of two different schools. One of them was headed by Mirdamad and the other one directed by Mulla Rajabali Tabrizi. These two schools were in harmony with each other in some issues and opposed in some others. A controversial issue was on God’s essence and his attributes. At Rajabali's school, he and his students made a special impression of God. These groups of philosophers believed that God cannot be understood by positive way, and that all divine attributes are negatives. Negative theology derived from this school has a religious and Neo platonic background. This article tries to study the field of formation, critique of the ideas and the basics of thought of Mulla Rajabali Tabrizi and Qazi Sa'id Qomi in negative theology. Therefore, this paper addresses reviewing and criticizing the reasons of philosophers, for incompatibility with other philosophical doctrines based on the rule of al-Wahid. Therefore, this paper does not carry out a detailed discussion of the attributes and divine acts. Since these two philosophers are strongly influenced by Neo platonic teachings, their reflection and their influence on Plotinus's ideas are shown.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Negative theology
  • incomparability
  • equivocal
  • attribute of being
  • the principle of congruity

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