Ranking of Spiritual Tranquility Indicators in Traditional Mosque Architecture Based on Perception of "Sense of Spirituality" Using "VIKOR" Method

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate professor of architecture, Shahi Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of architecture, Shahid Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran azemati@sru.edu

3 PHD candidate in Architecture,Department of Architecture, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, (SRTTU),Iran.


Mosques in the history of Iran’s architecture have always been in the culmination of Islamic art and architecture. The architecture of the mosques seeks to receive an inspiration from the concepts of divine word to create a space which joins the heavenly world to material world and create a single spiritual environment. The study proposed to compare 9 traditional mosques in Yazd in terms of the spiritual indicators employed in the architecture of these mosques. The research method was descriptive-analytical. In the first step, a field-library study was conducted to conclude the spiritual indicators of the mosques from reliable sources, and then these indicators were confirmed by 8 experts in this field. In the second step, the data were tested analytically using SPSS and VIKOR method. The indicators studied in this paper were: 1. Golden ratio, 2. Being symmetry and coupling of components 3. Curved shapes and lines, 4. Observing the use of warm and cold colors together, 5. Materials, 6. Use of sensory integration, 7. Hierarchy, and 8. Conceptual decorations. The results show that Yazd Grand Mosque, Hazireh Mosque, Rig Mosque and Mulla Esmaeil Mosque are in an acceptable level in terms of spiritual tranquility indicators.


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