عنوان مقاله [English]
The articulation of Ibn Arabi’s school in 7th century made a huge revolution in bases of theoretical Gnosticism. Ibn Arabi's ontological worldview is based on 'God' and 'human'. The interpreters of Ibn Arabi's theories played a main role in developing his thoughts. The scholars like 'Sheikh Mahmood Shabestari', in parallel with practical Gnosticism, tried to develop Ibn Arabi's doctrines. The present study is an attempt to investigate the reflection of Ibn Arabi's ontological worldview in 'Golshane Raz' Masnavi with analytic-descriptive approach orienting three main axes: 'theology', religious anthropology', and 'individual unity of being'. The results of the research indicate that in Shabestari's thought, the manifestation has important place in self disclosure of the being. The relationship between God and existence is the same as relationship between manifest and manifestation. Among all theophanies in both worlds, "The perfect human" is the mirror of all God's names, a universe prescription, and "comprehensive detailing word". Sheikh Mahmood like Ibn Arabi considers Mohammadi’s truth as the first manifest truth, origin of universe appearance, reflection of God's beauty, final point of the saints, and manifestation of perfect human and his appearance reveals all God's truth and secrets. He believes that the knowledge of perfect human facilitates achieving to the higher levels of mystical knowledge, and knowledge of being makes Knowledge of God relying on thought of oneness of being and intuition; but intrinsic priority and posteriority between God and His manifestations and individuations, God's absolutism, and limitations of individuations make it impossible to know oneness being.