عنوان مقاله [English]
When studying Sadra`s view on fundamentality of existence, one should explain the point of dispute at first and, then, take a position. In Sadra`s system of thought there can be found two meanings for fundamentality and mentality. In one meaning, fundamentality means the state of being actualized and realized in outer world while mentality means not being actualized so. In another, by fundamentality is meant being actualized in itself and by mentality being accidentally actualized. Primacy of existence and mentality of quiddity have two meaningsin Transcendentphilosophy (al-Hikmah al-muta'aliya): the first is that the concept of existence has referent in the external world but that of quiddity does not. The second is that existence and quiddity both have referents in the external world, while existence is actualized by itself but quiddity by existence. Of the two, only the former can be attendant in the disputable point. There are five meanings for existence in Transcendentphilosophy and four meanings may be found for quiddity in philosophical works of which only one can be raised in the debatable point. MullaSadrā doesn’t clarify this position and, therefore, several inconsistent concepts of debatable point have appeared in the field.