بررسی باورهای هستی شناختی دانش آموزان پایة چهارم ابتدایی و کتاب های درسی هدیه های آسمان براساس مؤلفه های مبانی هستی شناسی در سند تحول بنیادین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه ریزی درسی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران

2 دانشیار برنامه ریزی درسی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه و کلام اسلامی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی دیدگاه دانش­آموزان پایه چهارم در باب شناخت خداوند و عالم هستی بر اساس مبانی هستی­شناسی مندرج در مبانی نظری سند تحول بنیادین (ملهم از نظریه ملاصدرا) و همچنین بررسی کتاب هدیه­های آسمان پایه دوم تا چهارم از نظر همسویی با این مبانی است. جامعه آماری شامل کتاب مبانینظریتحولبنیادین،چاپ 2018،کتاب­های هدیه­های آسمان پایه دوم تا چهارم و نیز از بین دانش­آموزان پایه چهارم دختر در منطقه 20 تهران، 25 نفر به صورت تصادفی خوشه­ای از بین مدارس غیر­انتفاعی و دولتی انتخاب شدند. روش پژوهش، کیفی است که با استفاده از پدیدارشناسی و تحلیل مضمون انجام شده است. در تحلیل محتوا برای استخراج مؤلفه­ها و کدگذاری از تحلیل مضمون (تم) و برای تحلیل داده­های حاصل از تحلیل محتوا از روش آنتروپی شانون استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد؛ همسویی در باور دانش­آموزان در باب هستی­شناسی و مؤلفه­های این بخش از سند تحول بنیادین وجود دارد. همچنین ضریب اهمیت روش آنتروپی شانون نشان داد آشنایی با صفات خداوند با  55صدم،نحوة ارتباط با خداوند  24صدم و اشاره به نعمت­های خداوند با 20صدم به ترتیب بیشترین و کمترین  میزان اهمیت را در کتاب­های هدیه­های آسمان داشته است که نیازمند بررسی بیشتر برای ارتباط مستحکم بین صفات بی­شمار خداوند و ذکر نعمت­های همسو با این صفات از نگاه عینی­گراییِ همراه با تفکر و تعقل­محوری است تا زمینه پرورش خلاقیت از کودکی فراهم شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Elementary Fourth Grade Students` Ontological Beliefs and the Textbooks of Heavenly Gifts According to the Ontological Components in the Fundamental Transformation Document

نویسندگان [English]

  • afsaneh azizialavijeh 1
  • Mohammad Reza Imam jomeh 2
  • Mohsen Shams 3
1 Ph.D. student of Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University of Tehran
2 Associate Professor of Educational Planning, Shahid Rajaee University, Tarbiat University
3 Ph.D. student of Islamic Philosophy and Kalam, Shahid Rajaee University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the viewpoints of fourth grade students on the knowledge of God and the universe based on the ontological principles embodied in the theoretical foundations of the Fundamental Transformation Document (inspired by Mulla Sadra's theory); and   reviewing the textbook of divine gifts book for second-to-fourth-grade, in term of convergence between these foundations as well. The statistical population includes the book Theoretical Foundations of Fundamental Transformation, 2011, the second to fourth grade divinely gift books and among the fourth grade female students in the Tehran 20 district, 25 were randomly selected from non-profit and public schools. The research method is qualitative using phenomenological and contextual analysis. Content analysis was used to extract Hawking component from themes analysis and Shannon entropy method was used for content analysis data. The results disclosed that there is a consensus among students about the ontology and components of this part of the fundamental transformation document. The Shannon entropy coefficient also showed that familiarity with the attributes of God by 55 hundred, how to relate to God by 24 and referring to the blessings of God by 20 hundred, respectively, was the most important and least important in the heavenly gift books, which requires further investigation for a strong connection. Between the innumerable attributes of God and the blessings associated with these attributes, it is central to the objectivist perspective of thinking and reasoning to provide the ground for the cultivation of childhood creativity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ontology
  • Fundamental Transformation Document
  • Divine Book
  • students
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