تحلیل گرایش های عرفانی حکیم سبزواری پیرامون چگونگی پیدایش کثیر از واحد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استاد دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی

10.22061/orj.2020.1206

چکیده

این پژوهش درصدد بررسی دیدگاه عرفانی حکیم پیرامون چگونگی پیدایش مظاهر کثیر از واحد است. مراد عرفا از فیض اقدس، ظهور علمی اشیا بدون کثرت در علم الهی و از فیض مقدس، فیضی است که اعیان ثابته را که در علم الهی موجود هستند، در عین محقق می­سازد. پرسش اساسی این مقاله عبارت است از: حکیم سبزواری پیرامون چگونگی پیدایش کثیر از واحد چه تحلیل عرفانی ارائه می­دهد؟ دستاوردهای این جستار هم عبارتند از: حکیم بر این باور است که ذات، اسما و صفات بدون توجه به کثرات در مقام احدیت ظهور دارند، اما در مقام واحدیت این کثرات از یکدیگر متمایزند. او اسم را ذات  به علاوه صفت معرفی می­کند و عرفا بر این باورند که  اسمای الهی از طریق تعاون، تناکح و تقابل در پیدایش کثرت مؤثرند، علاوه بر این، ما می­توانیم از طریق ائمة اسما و فروع آن­ها، اصول اسما و افرادآن­ها و برحسب شهود سالک چگونگی پیدایش کثرت را براساس اسمای الهی تبیین کنیم. حکیم برای وجود منبسط ویژگی­های متعدد مثل نفسیت، وحدت حقه ظلیه، ظهور ذات غیب الغیوب... ذکر می­کند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Haji Sabzevari's Mystical Trends on the Emanation of Multiplicity from One

نویسنده [English]

  • Einollah Khademi
Professor, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University
چکیده [English]

This study seeks to examine the mystical view of Haji on how the multiplicity have been emanated from one unfolded being. By “al-fayd• al-aqdas,” the Sacred Effusion, the mystics mean the cognitive manifestation of things without any multiplicity in divine knowledge and by the holly emanation they mean objectifying the objective unmoved being that exist only in divine knowledge. Haji believes that the essence, the nouns and the attributes appear at Ahadiyat level (non – numerical oneness) but at Vahediyat level (numerical oneness) they are distinct. He identified the name as a noun plus an adjective, and the mystics believe that divine names are effective in generating plurality through co-operation, and contradiction. In addition, we can explain how multiplicity has been emanated from divine names through the Leading names (al- Ahematol asmah) and their adjunct and the principles of names and  their persons, on the basis of intuitive method of truth seeker.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Al- Fayd
  • Al- Aqdas and Mogaddas
  • Ahadiyat
  • Vahediyat
  • Names and Attributes
  • Expanded Being
  • Perfect Man
  • Haji Sabzevari

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