بررسی هستی شناسیِ عرفانی از منظر نجم الدین رازی و عزیز نسفی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه ادیان و عرفان دانشگاه سمنان

2 دانشجوی دکتری عرفان و تصوف دانشگاه سمنان

چکیده

هستی­شناسی از مهم­ترین مباحث عرفان اسلامی است که با نظری شدن عرفان توسط ابن­عربی، بیش از پیش مورد توجه متصوفه و عرفا قرار گرفته است. نجم­الدین رازی و عزیز نسفی از عرفای بزرگ قرن هفتم و منسوب به فرقة کبرویه بوده­اند؛ با این تفاوت که نسفی تحت تأثیر آرای ابن­عربی نیز بوده است. رازی به پیروی از مکتب کبرویه، هستی را براساس عالم امر و خلق یا ملک و ملکوت تقسیم می­کند. در مبانی فکری او دربارة هستی توجه به نور، زوجیت در عالم و وحدت وجود دیده می­شود. از سوی دیگر، نسفی ضمن اشاره به این دو عالم، جبروت را به آن افزوده و در هستی­شناسی خویش، به تقسیمات سه­گانه­ای قائل شده؛علاوه بر این به تفصیل مباحث وحدت وجود را بیان نموده است. در میان اقوال این دو، توجه به تجلی و اهمیت انسان در عالم مشترک است. این پژوهش بر آن است که به شیوة توصیفی- مقایسه­ای، به بررسی شباهت­ها و اختلافات آرای این دو و مبانی آن در باب هستی­شناسی بپردازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey of Mystical ontology in Najm al-Din Razi and Aziz Nasafi’s point of view

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ghodratollah Khayaian 1
  • tannaz rashidinasab 2
1 Associate professor of mysticism and Sufism department, Semnan university
2 Ph.D candidate of mysticism and Sufism, Semnan university
چکیده [English]

Ontology is one of the most important issues in Islamic mysticism which has been considered by mystics and Sufists when it became theoretical by ibn Al-arabi. Najm al-Din and Aziz Nasafi are the biggest mystics of seventh century and they related to the “Kobravieh cult” however Nasafi is influenced by Ibn al-Arabi’s works. Razi in following of “Kobravieh cult” divided the being into “commanding or immaterial world” and “created or material world”. In his thoughts about existence it can be seen that there is attention to the light, duality in universe and oneness of Existence. Furthermore, Nasafi pointing to these two worlds, he also has added almightiness (Jabarout) to them and in his Ontology he has announced the triple division. Besides he explained about the oneness of Existence in detail. Between them, the attention to manifestation and importance of human being are the same. This article is going to present resemblance and differences between two sages opinions and their ontological foundation by descriptive-comparative method.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Theoretical mysticism
  • Mystical ontology
  • Unity of existence
  • Najm al-Din Razi
  • Aziz Nasafi

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