رتبه‌بندی شاخص‌های آرامش معنوی در معماری مساجد سنتی مبتنی بر ادراک «حس معنویت» با بهره‌گیری از روش «VIKOR»

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار معماری، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران

2 استاد معماری، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران

چکیده

مساجد در تاریخ معماری ایران، همواره نقطه به اوج رسیدن هنر و معماری اسلامی بوده است. معماری مساجد به دنبال الهام از مفاهیم کلام الهی است تا فضایی ایجاد بکند که عالم ملکوت و عالم ناسوت را قرین هم سازد و فضای معنوی واحدی را بیافریند. هدف این پژوهش مقایسه تطبیقی 9مسجد سنتی شهر یزد2، از لحاظ شاخص‌های معنوی کارشده در معماری این مساجد؛ به رشته تحریر در آمده است. روش تحقیقاز ماهیتی توصیفی تحلیلی برخوردار است. در گام نخست به صورت مطالعات میدانی- کتابخانه‌ای؛ جهت استخراج شاخص‌های معنوی مساجد از منابع معتبر3 صورت گرفته، سپس شاخص‌ها به تأیید 8متخص در این زمینه رسید است.در مرحله دوم به صورت تحلیلی به آزمون داده‌ها از طریق نرم‌افزار «SPSS21» و روش «ویکور» انجام گرفته است. شاخص‌های مورد بررسی در این پژوهش: 1- نسبت طلایی، 2- تقارن و زوج بودن اجزا، 3- اشکال و خطوط منحنی، 4- رعایت استفاده از رنگ‌های گرم و سرد در کنار هم، 5-مصالح 6- استفاده از تلفیق حسی 7- سلسله ‌مراتب 8- تزیینات مفهومی است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که مساجد: مسجد جامع یزد، مسجد حظیره، مسجد ریگ و مسجد ملااسماعیل از لحاظ شاخص‌های آرامش معنوی در حد قابل قبولی قرار دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Ranking of Spiritual Tranquility Indicators in Traditional Mosque Architecture Based on Perception of "Sense of Spirituality" Using "VIKOR" Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jamal-e-Din Mahdi Nejad 1
  • Hamid Reza Azemati 2
  • ali habibbad 3
1 Associate professor of architecture, Shahi Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of architecture, Shahid Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran azemati@sru.edu
3 PHD candidate in Architecture,Department of Architecture, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, (SRTTU),Iran.
چکیده [English]

Mosques in the history of Iran’s architecture have always been in the culmination of Islamic art and architecture. The architecture of the mosques seeks to receive an inspiration from the concepts of divine word to create a space which joins the heavenly world to material world and create a single spiritual environment. The study proposed to compare 9 traditional mosques in Yazd in terms of the spiritual indicators employed in the architecture of these mosques. The research method was descriptive-analytical. In the first step, a field-library study was conducted to conclude the spiritual indicators of the mosques from reliable sources, and then these indicators were confirmed by 8 experts in this field. In the second step, the data were tested analytically using SPSS and VIKOR method. The indicators studied in this paper were: 1. Golden ratio, 2. Being symmetry and coupling of components 3. Curved shapes and lines, 4. Observing the use of warm and cold colors together, 5. Materials, 6. Use of sensory integration, 7. Hierarchy, and 8. Conceptual decorations. The results show that Yazd Grand Mosque, Hazireh Mosque, Rig Mosque and Mulla Esmaeil Mosque are in an acceptable level in terms of spiritual tranquility indicators.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : Architecture of traditional mosques
  • spiritual values
  • mosques ranking
  • sense of spirituality

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